New Data Shows Lack of Diversity in American and British Newspapers

by Arturo R. García @Racialicious

Last week saw two developments underscoring the lack of advancement for journalists of color in the print world — and on two continents, even.

In the U.S., as The Atlantic reported, the American Society of News Editors’ (ASNE) latest study of newsroom diversity revealed a slight decline, with POC making up 12.37 percent of editorial staffers. Consider, though, that the high bar, set seven years ago, was 13.73 percent.

Meanwhile, the Radio and Television Digital News Association reported near-negligible increases in POC representation, going up 0.9 percent in radio and 3.7 percent on television compared to 2012. But these gains are backstopped against much greater increases in both the POC population and spending power. And the RTNDA found that these gains are also offset by the fact that the vast majority of news directors (86 percent in TV, 91.3 percent in radio) are still white.

frontpagesWhile the Atlantic story delves into the many financial aspects fueling the continued stagnation of diversity initiatives and “efforts” by news organizations, this passage grazed a point that otherwise went unreported:

With the rise of smartphones in many communities, everyone has a newsgathering tool in their pocket, Brady says, and mobile has brought down cost needed to give oneself a digital presence. Pew studies suggest thamobile penetration is indeed increasing, particularly in Hispanic and African American communities.

But many are skeptical about diversity in web 2.0 culture. “Online news gives everyone a chance to work in news, but the issue is how do you get paid?” asks Doris Truong, president of Unity, an umbrella organization of minority journalists.

“Very few people have had access or desire to have training as a reporter, journalist, critical thinker,” says Danyel Smith, a writer, editor, and Knight Fellow at Stanford University. “Just because there’s Tumblr, WordPress, and Twitter in terms of instant publishing, doesn’t mean these populations are much better served to the degree they can and should be.”

The idea that the Internet has made the news more diverse “is a bit of a trap,” agrees Lehrman, the Santa Clara University professor. While journalists once felt responsible for creating diverse public spaces and forums, today, she contends, journalists sometimes assume people create them for themselves and don’t attempt proper civic debate.

“Digital tools increasingly narrow the scope of information you have access to unless you deliberately push it open,” says Lehrman.

Ms. Truong’s point is well-taken, but what nobody here is crediting for the development of sites like, say, the recently-retired Pam’s House Blend, Colorlines, Clutch Magazine, the Crunk Feminist Collective, Disgrasian, Muslimah Media Watch, Gradient Lair — or, if I may say so, Racialicious — is that they are identifiable as offering POC writers not just diversity but equity. I believe they, and many of our fellow social-justice-driven sites, are safe spaces to work, even if many of us have to balance that work with another full-time job. They are places where you can read the emphasis on critical analysis — a tenet of good journalism. And if “traditional media” isn’t providing those kinds of spaces, that’s a trap it built for itself.

Speaking of critical analysis, Samantha Asumadu’s project, Media Diversified, recently unveiled its #AllWhiteFrontPages campaign to illustrate the utter lack of diversity in newspapers across the United Kingdom. As she explains at Comment is Free:

I wondered how my teenage nephews felt in a system that wasn’t designed to help them thrive. In a recent article in Britain’s biggest-selling black newspaper, the Voice, entitled The Evening Standard of Whiteness, one student said: “Sir, if all the images of black males shown to me are negative, therefore my perceptions of black males are negative, how am I supposed to succeed?”

A-level-students-from-Bad-007The Guardian – A-level Results

I know there are brilliant black British, Asian and Middle Eastern men and women toiling away out there in the midst of this recession, but if I hadn’t seen them with my own eyes I might not think they existed – and I doubt that some in our leafy suburbs do. Why are there barely any journalists or columnists of colour in national and local papers? London is just one city in the UK that would fall apart if we (people of colour) suddenly decided to leave. When black people are seen in newspapers, more often than not it’s around sports, entertainment or crime, which feeds into the time-honoured tradition of negative stereotypes.

The author of that Voice article, Rodney Sealy, counted the photos of BAME people in one edition of the London paper. The results were not pretty (or colourful). Why are we not either seen or heard? After all, according to the Office for National Statistics, the non-white British population was 9.1 million in 2009 – one in six people.

She goes on to point out that it wasn’t until last month that a national newspaper, the Independent, hired a non-white editor, former columnist Amol Rajan — the first POC ever to reach such a position. Asumadu’s stated goal for Media Diversity is to “agitate” and call for a newspaper world that more adequately reflects the world around it. It’s quite telling that, once again, it’s someone working from an online platform leading that charge to begin with.

@Racialicious is a blog about the intersection of race and pop culture. Check out our daily updates on the latest celebrity gaffes, our no-holds-barred critique of questionable media representations, and of course, the inevitable Keanu Reeves/John Cho newsflashes.
Latoya Peterson (DC) is the Owner and Editor (not the Founder!) of Racialicious, Arturo García (San Diego) is the Managing Editor, Andrea Plaid (NYC) is the Associate Editor. You can email us at team@racialicious.com.

The founders of Racialicious are Carmen Sognonvi and Jen Chau. They are no longer with the blog. Carmen now runs Urban Martial Arts with her husband and blogs about local business. Jen can still be found at Swirl or on her personal blog.

4 thoughts on “Race + Journalism

  1. Brilliant piece. I have had trouble with this, as an undergraduate just about to go into my final year at uni and HOPEFULLY journalism, as a black male I think that there is a huge lack of diversity in the media that truly represents how far we have actually come.

    And in reply to @LeePinkerton, I think it’s important that these are used because we need to be able to identify ourselves as a collective as well as individual groups.

    Great piece.

    Like

  2. Love the piece, but can we please stop using these TWA’s (three word abbreviations) to describe ourselves? BME or POC its not cool. What’s wrong with ‘Black’ ‘Asian’ or if we must define ourselves through our relationship to the dominant culture, then ‘non-white’. But I think we are worthy of more than three letters. Other than that, great piece

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    1. Because 1) Racialicious is a pan-racial space, so that’s one way to account for that and 2) “non-white” is a way to define ourselves based off of whiteness, which denies our communities agency. Are we worthy of more than three letters? Absolutely. But we’re also worthy of not relying on Othering ourselves for not being white, too.

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      1. This quote is interesting on that: ‘A precept of White culture is the belief that white is normative. The characteristics of Whiteness, including culture, language, and appearance, are assumed to define humanity. “Others” that may deviate from that normative definition are therefore regarded to be less than human. Many scholars of Whiteness pay particular attention to the deeply ingrained doctrine of Whiteness as norm (Frankenberg, 1993; Garner, 2006; Hartigan, 1997; McIntosh, 1998; Trechter, 2001; Ware & Back, 2001; Wilson, 2002). This doctrine is so deeply ingrained that it can be found as an unconscious distinction in everyday speech between “people” and “people of color” or between “Mexican” music and “regular” music (Frankenberg, 1993). These distinctions further underline the culture of Whiteness as standard. Many believe that the installation of Whiteness as norm into White culture is a direct derivative of “color blindness” (Wilson, 2002). from http://www.unt.edu/honors/eaglefeather/2007_Issue/Schuelke4.shtml

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